Würzburg looks back on 1300 years of history. In medieval times, it was an important center of episcopal, economic and sovereign power. Würzburg was almost completely destroyed in World War II, but quite a number of outstanding historic buildings and churches were rebuilt in and around the old town center. This includes the renowned Würzburg Residence Palace which was registered as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site in 1981. Today, Würzburg is a vibrant city and attracts visitors from all over the world.
Würzburg is one of the most important university centers of Germany with its Julius-Maximilians University, the oldest university of Bavaria, the University of Music and the University of Applied Sciences Würzburg-Schweinfurt. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC, the SKZ and the ZAE Bayern even further the importance of Würzburg in the scientific world.